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Top 10 smallest states of India by geographical area

India is known for its diverse cultures. Many major religions such as Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism are originated in India and are followed by the people to this day. India is one of the spiritual hotspots of the world where people visit from far off the nations in search of spirituality.

Every state in India has its variety of dishes that have been passed down from generation to generation. Almost every recipe has the spiciness aspect to it. 

Before we jump into the main topic of the article, make sure to check out our previous article on the largest states of India by geographical area.

Goa – 3,702 km²

StateGoa
CapitalPanaji
Area3,702 km²
Area rank29
Current Chief MinisterPramod Sawant (BJP)
Districts2
Official languageKonkani
Population1,458,545
GDPUS$11 billion
State official website www.goa.gov.in

Goa is a state on the southwestern coast of India, Panaji is the state’s capital. It is bordered by the Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast. Goa is India’s smallest state by geographical area and the fourth-smallest by population.

Goa is very well known for its white-sand beaches, nightlife, religious places, and world heritage sites among many international and domestic tourists. The state has been internationally recognized as the biodiversity hotspot of the world, for its rich flora and fauna.

Goa has one National park

  • Mollem National Park

The state also has six Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary 
  • Madei Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

 This state has the highest GDP per capita of all Indian states, two and a half times that of the country. Goa is rich in minerals and ores, and mining is the second largest industry.

Tourism in Goa is generally focused on the coastal areas, as water sports being its most prominent tourist attractions. It was reported that more than 2 million tourists had visited Goa in 2010, of which 1.2 million of whom were from overseas.

Goa is a fusion between Eastern and Western culture, with Portuguese culture having its upper hand in the state.

Historic sites and neighborhoods

Goa has two World Heritage Sites: 

  • the Bom Jesus Basilica 
  •  churches and convents of Old Goa.

Airport

  • Dabolim Airport or Goa International Airport

Public transport

Goa’s public transport primarily consists of privately operated buses connecting the major towns to rural areas. Kadamba Transport Corporation maintains government-run buses, which connect major routes (like the Panaji–Margao route) and also some remote parts of the state.

Hired forms of transportation include unmetered taxis and also auto rickshaws. the state has another form of transport, motorcycle taxi, operated by drivers who are locally called “pilots.” 

Besides buses, “pilots” tend to be the cheapest mode of transport. The river navigation department operates flat-bottomed ferry boats that are in service for the river crossing.

Railway

Goa has two rail lines 

  • one run by the South Western Railway, the other by the Konkan Railway.

Sikkim – 7,096 km²

StateSikkim
CapitalGangtok
Area7,096 km²
Area rank28
Current Chief MinisterPrem Singh Tamang (SKM)
Districts4
Official languageEnglish, Nepali, Sikkimese (Bhutia), Lepcha
Population610,577
GDPUS$1.57 billion
State official websitewww.sikkim.gov.in

Sikkim is a state in the northeastern part of India and the second-smallest state among the Indian states. The state also has the least population.

 Sikkim is known for its biodiversity, a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India, and the third-highest on Earth.

The state has 28 mountain peaks, over 80 glaciers, 227 high-altitude lakes (including the Gurudongmar, Tsongmo and Khecheopalri Lakes), five major hot springs, and over 100 rivers and streams.

Sikkim’s hot springs are famed for their medicinal and therapeutic properties. Among the state’s most noteworthy hot springs are those at Yumthang, Phurchachu, Borang, Taram-chu, Ralang, and Yumey Samdong. The springs that have a high sulphur content are located near river banks; some are these hot springs known to emit hydrogen. 

Sikkim’s nominal GDP was estimated at US$1.57 billion in 2014, constituting the third-smallest GDP of all India’s 28 states.

Sikkim produces the largest share of cardamom in India and is the world’s second-largest producer of cardamom after Guatemala. Over the interval 2003 to 2016, the state achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic. The first state in the country to make this distinction. Sikkim is also among India’s most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles and polystyrene products (throughout the state)

Sikkim has one National Park

  •  Khangchendzonga National Park.

Sikkim has 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary
  • Fambonglho Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary
  • Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary
  • Kitam Bird Sanctuary

The state also has one conservation Reserve

  • Sling Dong Fairrieanum Orchid ConservationReserve

Transportation

The nearest international airport is Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri in northern West Bengal, which located 124 km from Gangtok. 

Roads:

Sikkim Nationalised Transport (SNT) runs bus and truck services. Privately run buses, tourist taxi, and jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri.

Rail:

Sikkim lacks significant railway infrastructure. Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri in neighboring West Bengal are the closest railway stations. 

Sikkim Helicopter Service

The five-seater Helicopter offers an exclusive mode of transport to witness Sikkim ina an entirely new view. not merely enabling connecting flights but also to see Sikkim from an altogether new perspective.

Special flights are also conducted over various parts of Sikkim for a bird’s eye view of the monasteries and exotic Valleys.

All passengers on these sight-seeing flights are given official Certificates of Participation as Souvenirs by the Sikkim Tourism Development Corporation (STDC).

Tripura –  10,491.65 km²

StateTripura
CapitalAgartala
Area10,491.65 km²
Area rank27
Current Chief MinisterBiplab Kumar Deb (BJP)
Districts8
Official languageBengali, English, Kokborok
Population3,671,032
GDP₹48,778.42 billion (US$680 billion)
State official websitetripura.gov.in

Tripura is in northeastern India. It is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and Assam and Mizoram to the east. 

Most of the major Indian telecommunication companies are present in the state.

Transportation

Maharaja Bir Bikram Airport, which is also known as Agartala Airport, is domestic. Located 12 km northwest of Agartala at Singerbhil. There are direct flights to all major cities in India. Passenger helicopter services are available between the capital and major towns, as well as to more remote areas.

Trains operate from Agartala to Calcutta and Delhi.

The National Highway 8 (NH-8), is only one major road that connects Tripura to the rest of India. Locally known as “Assam Road,” the NH-8 is often called the lifeline of Tripura.

Tripura has 2 National Parks 

  • Clouded Leopard National Park.
  • Rajbari National Park.

The state also has four wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Nagaland – 16,579 km²

StateNagaland
CapitalKohima
Area16,579 km²
Area rank26
Current Chief MinisterNeiphiu Rio (NDPP)
Districts12
Official languageEnglish
Population1,980,602
GDP₹12,065 crores (US$1.7 billion) in
2011-12
State Official Websitenagaland.gov.in/

Nagaland is a state in northeast India. Although Kohima is the state capital, and the largest city is Dimapur. It bordered by the state of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Myanmar.

Nagaland is also known as the land of festivals in India. The diversity of tribes and people, each with their own culture and heritage, creates a year-long atmosphere of celebrations. Most of the traditional tribe-related festivals revolve around agriculture, as a vast majority of the population is dependent on agriculture.

Nagaland has been hugely successful in promoting the Hornbill Festival, which attracts both Indian and foreign tourists. The fundamental purpose of Nagaland’s tourism is its rich culture, history, and wildlife. 

Hornbill Festival is organised by the Government of Nagaland on the first of December every year. The major purpose of this festival is to encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote the cultural heritage of Nagaland. 

Hornbill festival is named after the Indian hornbill, which is displayed in the folklore of most of the state’s tribes.

The railway network in Nagaland is minimal. Roads are the foundation of the state’s transportation network. 

Airways

  • Dimapur Airport is 7 kilometers from Dimapur, and 70 kilometres from Kohima, is the only airport in Nagaland with scheduled commercial services to Kolkata, West Bengal, and Dibrugarh, Assam.

There is one National park in Nagaland:

  • Ntangki National Park

There are four Wildlife Sanctuaries in Nagaland:

  • Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary
  •  Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary

Nagaland also has 2 Elephant reserves

Mizoram – 21,087 km²

StateMizoram
CapitalAizwal
Area21,087 km²
Area rank25
Current Chief MinisterZoramthanga (MNF)
Districts8
Official languageMizo, English, and Hindi
Population1,091,014
GDP₹11,458 crores (US$1.6 billion) (2014-15)
State Official Websitemizoram.gov.in

Mizoram is a state in northeast India, and Aizawl is its capital city. The name obtained from “Mizo,” which means the name of the native inhabitants and “Ram,” means land, and thus Mizoram implies “land of the Mizos.” It is the southernmost landlocked state within the northeast region. It shares borders with three among the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Manipur, and Assam.

tourism

Domestic tourists

The state requires Inner Line Pass under the special permit before visiting. The special permit can be obtained from the government authorities of Mizoram in Kolkata within the country, i.e., Shillong, Silchar, Guwahati, and New Delhi. 

International tourists

All foreign nationals can also get a visitor pass on arrival and need the same requirements as domestic tourists. However, foreign nationals additionally are required to register themselves with Mizoram police within 24 hours of arrival; most resorts provide this formality. 

There are two National Parks in Mizoram.

Murlen National Park

Phawngpui National Park

Mizoram also has eight Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Dampa Wildlife Sanctuary (TR) 

  • Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Pualreng Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Tokalo Wildlife Sanctuary

Airport:

Lengpui Airport is a domestic airport, near Aizawl, and is linked from Kolkata. The state can also be reached via Assam’s Silchar Airport.

The nearest railway station to Mizoram is at Silchar in Assam, which is about 180 kilometres from the state capital. 

 All-weather roads connect all of Mizoram’s 23 urban centres and 59% of its 764 villages. Mizoram is connected to the rest of the country through Silchar in Assam via National Highway 54. Another highway, NH-150, connects the state’s Seling to Imphal, Manipur. NH-40A links the State with Tripura. 

Manipur – 22,327 km²

StateManipur
CapitalImphal
Area22,327 km²
Area rank24
Current Chief MinisterN. Biren Singh (BJP)
Districts16
Official languageMeitei (Manipuri)
Population2,855,794
GDP₹10,188 crores (US$1.4 billion)  (2012-13)
State Official Website www.manipur.gov.in

Manipur is a state in the northeastern part of India, and Imphal as its capital. It is bordered by the Indian states of Nagaland, Mizoram, and Assam; Myanmar lies to its east.

The 2012–2013 GDP of Manipur was about ₹10,188 crore (US$1.4 billion). Its economy is primarily agriculture, cottage, forestry, and trade-driven. Manipur has the highest number of craftspersons and handicraft units in the northeastern region of India.

Manipur serves as India’s “Gateway to the East” via Moreh and Tamu towns for trade between India and Burma and other countries via land in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Micronesia, Siberia, and Polynesia.

Transportation

Air

  • Bir Tikendrajit International Airport 

Also known as Imphal International Airport is situated in the capital Imphal which connects direct flights from Imphal to Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore, New Delhi, and Agartala. And international flights connecting with Myanmar cities of Mandalay, Yangon via Bangkok Thailand.

Road

Manipur is connected to all its neighboring states via National Highways.

Rail

Manipur has one railway station, Jiribam.

The tourist season in the state is from October to February when it is often sunny without being hot and humid. Greenery accompanies a moderate climate. The culture features martial arts, theatre, dance, and sculpture.  

Manipur has one National Park and Two Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Keibul Lamjao National Park
  • Khongjaingamba Ching Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Yangoupokpi-Lokchao wildlife Sanctuary

Meghalaya –  22,429 km²

StateMeghalaya
CapitalShillong
Area22,429 km²
Area rank23
Current Chief MinisterConrad Sangma (NPP)
Districts11
Official languageEnglish
Population2,964,007
GDP₹16,173 crores(US$2.3billion) 2012
State Official Website meghalaya.gov.in

Meghalaya is a hilly state in northeast India. Meghalaya means “the abode of clouds” in Sanskrit. 

The state is compared to Scotland for its Scenery, highlands, and fog. About 70 % of the state is forested; therefore, it constitutes one of the most important ecotourism circuits in India. The state’s subtropical forests have a wide variety of flora and fauna. 

Living root bridges are also significant tourist attractions, with many bridges located near Cherrapunji. The famous Double-Decker root bridge, alongside many others, is found in the village of Nongriat, which is tourist-friendly. Many other root bridges can be found in the nearby villages.

Meghalaya also offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, trekking, rock climbing, and water sports.

Cherrapunji is one of the famous tourist locations in north-east India. It lies to the south of the state capital Shillong.

Meghalaya has two NationalPark

  • Balphakram National Park
  • Nokrek Ridge National Park

The state also has four Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Baghmara Pitcher Plant Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Siju Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Narpuh Wildlife Sanctuary

Transportation

Road network

Meghalaya is connected to Silchar in Assam, Aizawl in Mizoram, and Agartala in Tripura via national highways. Private operators run buses and taxis from Guwahati to Shillong. Day and night bus services are available to all major towns of the state and also other northeast states.

Railway

Meghalaya has a regular train service connecting Mendipathar in Meghalaya and Guwahati in Assam. Guwahati (103 kilometres) from Shillong is the nearest major railway station connecting the north-east region with the rest of India through a broad gauge track network.

Air

Shillong has a domestic airport at Umroi 30 kilometres from Shillong on the Guwahati-Shillong highway. There is also a helicopter service connecting the state capital Shillong to Guwahati and Tura. Guwahati Airport is the nearest international airport connecting to destinations Bangkok, Paro International Airport in Bhutan, and Singapore-Changi Airport, which is about 124 kilometres away from Shillong.

Kerala – 38,863 km²

StateKerala
capitalThiruvananthapuram
Area38,863 km²
Area rank22
Current Chief MinisterPinarayi Vijayan (CPI(M))
Districts14
Official languageMalayalam
Population33,387,677
GDP₹8.76 trillion (US$120 billion)
State Official Website kerala.gov.in

Kerala is on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. The state’s capital is Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the official language of the state. It is bordered by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Lakshadweep Sea. 

Kerala is known for its many Beaches, Waterfalls, Lighthouses, hill-stations, Ayurveda, and its rich culture.

The state’s tourism promotes ecologically sustained tourism. Eastern Kerala includes high mountains, deep-cut valleys, and gorges. Wildest lands of the state are covered with dense forests, while other areas lie under tea plantations and coffee plantations or other forms of cultivation.

The backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast. Kettuvallam or Houseboat rides in the backwaters are a significant tourist attraction mostly centered around Kerala. Boat races held during festival seasons in the backwater regions are also a significant tourist attraction.

Kerala Has six National Parks

  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Periyar National Park 
  • Silent Valley National Park 
  • Anamudi Shola National Park 
  • Mathikettan Shola National Park
  • Pambadum Shola National Park 

Kerala has two Biosphere Reserve

  • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 
  • Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve 

The state Also Has Two Tiger reserve

  • Periyar Tiger Reserve
  • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Besides, Kerala also has many Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Transportation

Air

Kerala has four international airports:

  • Trivandrum International Airport
  • Cochin International Airport
  • Calicut International Airport
  • Kannur International Airport

Cochin International Airport is the seventh busiest airport in the country. It is also the first airport to be fully powered by solar energy in the world. It has won the coveted Champion of the Earth award, the highest environmental honour instituted by the United Nations.

Rail

Southern Railway zone operates all railway lines in the state, connecting most major towns and cities. Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC) is the busiest among all railway stations in the state. Kochi Metro is the only metro rail system in Kerala. 

Haryana – 44,212 km²

StateHaryana
capitalChandigarh
Area44,212 km²
Area rank21
Current chief ministerManohar Lal Khattar (BJP)
Districts22
Official languageHindi
Population25,353,081
GDP₹7.84 lakh crore (US$110 billion)
State official websiteharyana.gov.in

Haryana is located in the northern part of the country, and Chandigarh is the state capital. Faridabad is the most populous city, and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of the National Capital Region (NCR), with major Fortune 500 companies located in it.

Haryana has two National Parks

  • Kalesar National Park 
  • Sultanpur National Park

The state also has eight Wildlife sanctuaries

  • Abubshehar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Bir Shikargarh Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Chhilchila Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Morni Hills (Khol-Hi-Raitan) Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary

 Besides, the state also has 49 herbal parks, one deer park, Animal and bird breeding centres, and conservation areas.

Transport

Haryana has one international airport in the state’s capital Chandigarh

  • Chandigarh International Airport

Roads and Highways

Delhi Metro connects Delhi with NCR cities of Faridabad, Gurugram, and Bahadurgarh. Faridabad has the most extended metro network in the NCR Region, consisting of 11 stations, and track length is 17 km.

SkyWay

A 4.5-kilometre international standard Delhi Faridabad Skyway was constructed by the Haryana and Delhi Governments, To connect Delhi and Faridabad, the first of its kind in North India.

Gurugram is famous for Sultanpur National Park. It’s most famous for international tourist visits. It is located in Sultanpur village on the Gurugram-Jhajjar highway. 

Punjab – 50,362 km²

statePunjab
capitalChandigarh
Area50,362 km²
Area rank20
Current Chief MinisterCaptain Amarinder Singh (INC)
Districts22
Official languagePunjabi
Population27,704,236
GDP₹5.18 lakh crore (US$73 billion)
State Official Websitepunjab.gov.in

Punjab is in the northern part of India. The state is bordered by the Indian UT of Jammu and Kashmir and Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan to the southwest. The Pakistani province of Punjab borders it to the west.

Punjab is known for its cuisine, culture, and history. The state receives many religious tourists, as it is home to some of the holiest places in Sikhism, including the Harmandir Sahib.

  • Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, meaning “abode of God.” 

Jallianwala Bagh is a garden In Amritsar that signifies the nation. It is well known due to the massacre that happened on April 13, 1919. It was established in 1951.

Transportation

Punjab has two International Airports

  • Amritsar International Airport and 
  • Chandigarh International Airport

The state also has four domestic airports

  • Bathinda Airport 
  • Pathankot Airport
  • Adampur Airport (Jalandhar)  
  • Sahnewal Airport (Ludhiana).

Public transport in Punjab is provided by buses, auto-rickshaws, Indian railways, and an international rail connection to Pakistan (Samjhauta Express). The state has an extensive network of multi-modal transportation systems.

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