The Republic of India is the seventh-largest country by area, and the second-most populous country, in the world. The Indian Ocean borders it on the south, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, and the Arabian Sea on the southwest. It shares land borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. Before we jump into the main topic of the article, let us first look at a few noteworthy achievements in recent times.
A team of Indian astrophysicists has discovered an extremely large supercluster of galaxies in the nearby universe. The equivalent of 20 million billion suns. The supercluster has been named as “Saraswati.”
ISRO successfully launched a total of 104 satellites on a single rocket. Making India the only country to launch the highest number of satellites in a single mission in the world.
We have only mentioned two of India’s breakthrough achievements by the masterminds. The country has much to be proud of its scientific and technological developments.
Below is the list of Top 10 Largest states of India by geographical area.
Biggest States of India
1. Rajasthan – 342,239 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Ashok Gehlot (INC)|
|Population||68,548,437 acc. to 2011 census of India|
|GDP||Total ₹9.24 lakh crore (US$130 billion)|
|State Official Website||rajasthan.gov.in|
Rajasthan stands first in terms of area in India, located on the western side of the country. The most notable geographic features of Rajasthan include Thar Desert, Aravalli Range, and ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Rajasthan is culturally rich and varied folk culture from villages that are often described as a symbol of the state. Classical music and dance, with its distinct style, is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is the ninth-largest state when it comes to the economy in India with ₹9.24 lakh crore (US$130 billion) in GDP and a per capita GDP of ₹108,000 (US$1,500).
Rajasthan is also known for its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. There are four national parks:
- Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur
- Sariska Tiger Reserve of Alwar
- Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur
- Desert National Park of Jaisalmer.
Wildlife sanctuaries :
- Mount Abu Sanctuary
- Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary
- Darrah Sanctuary
- Jaisamand Sanctuary
- Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
- Jawahar Sagar sanctuary
- Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary.
All major cities are connected by rail, air, and road.
There are six main airports in Rajasthan
- Jaipur International Airport, Jodhpur Airport, Udaipur Airport, Ajmer Airport, Bikaner Airport, and Jaisalmer Airport that connects major cities of India.
- Rajasthan is connected with the major cities of India by rail. Jaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur, Kota, Bharatpur, Bikaner, Abu Road, Alwar, and Udaipur are the main railway stations in Rajasthan. The Thar Express is an international railway from Jodhpur (India) to Karachi (Pakistan).
- Rajasthan is well connected to the major cities of the country by state and national highways and served by the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) and also private operators.
Rajasthan has attracted a total of 45.9 million domestic tourists, which is the tenth highest in terms of domestic visitors. And 1.6 million foreign tourists, which makes it the fifth-highest in international tourists in 2017. All Major ISP and telecom companies are available in Rajasthan.
2. Madhya Pradesh – 308,245 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Kamal Nath (INC)|
|GDP||₹8.09 lakh crore (US$110 billion)|
|State Official Website||mp.gov.in|
Madhya Pradesh means “Central Province” and is located in the geographic heart of India. Madhya Pradesh is known for its classical and folk music. The state has the largest reserves of Copper and diamond in India.
Madhya Pradesh is the tenth-largest state when it comes to the economy in India with ₹8.09 lakh crore (US$110 billion) in GDP and a per capita GDP of ₹90,000 (US$1,300).
This state has 10 national parks and also 25 wildlife sanctuaries
- Bandhavgarh National Park
- Kanha National Park
- Satpura National Park
- Sanjay National Park
- Madhav National Park
- Van Vihar National Park
- Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
- Panna National Park
- Pench National Park
- Madhya Pradesh
- White Tiger Safari & Zoo, Mukundpur, Madhya Pradesh,
- National Chambal Sanctuary
There are also many nature reserves, including:
- Bagh Caves
- Bori Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary
Amarkantak biosphere reserve, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve in Satpura Range, and Panna National Park are three of the 18 biosphere reserves in India.
UNESCO declared three sites in Madhya Pradesh as World Heritage Sites:
- The Khajuraho Group of Monuments in1986
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi in 1989
- The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in 2003
Bus services and train services cover most of Madhya Pradesh. The state has 20 major railway junctions. The major interstate bus terminals are located in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, and Jabalpur. The intracity transit systems mostly consist of buses, private autos, and taxis.
- Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport in Indore is among the busiest airports in India
- Dumna Airport in Jabalpur
- Raja Bhoj International Airport in Bhopal
- Gwalior Airport and Khajuraho Airport have scheduled commercial passenger services.
- Apart from these, minor airstrips are located at Chhindwara, Ratlam, Sagar, Mandsaur, Ujjain, Khandwa, Rewa, Guna, and Satna.
Tourism in the state of Madhya Pradesh has been an attraction to India because of its location in the centre of the country. This state has won Best Tourism State National award for three consecutive years, i.e., 2017, 2016, and 2015.
3. Maharashtra – 307,713 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Uddhav Thackeray|
|GDP||₹24.11 lakh crore (US$340 billion)|
|State Official Website||Maharashtra.gov.in|
Maharashtra is the largest when it comes to the state economy in India with ₹24.11 lakh crore (US$340 billion) in GDP, a per capita GDP of ₹176,000 (US$2,500).
Multimillion-dollar Bollywood productions alongside the Marathi film industry, with the big-budget costing up to ₹1.5 billion (US$21 million), are filmed there. A third of all Indian movies are produced in the State.
Buses are the preferred mode of transport for much of the populace. Besides the government-run buses, privately-run luxury buses also ply between significant towns.
Maharashtra is very well-connected to other parts of the country with a railway network. Furthermore, Maharashtra also has metro rail and monorail networks. Mumbai Monorail is positioned to become the fifth-largest monorail system in the world.
The Airports Authority of India (AAI) operates most of the state’s airfields.
Maharashtra has three international airports:
- Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (among the busiest airports in India)
- Pune Airport with flights to Dubai, Frankfurt, and Sharjah
- Nagpur’s Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport
- Nashik Airport serves domestic flights
Maharashtra is split up into various regions, such as Marathwada, Konkan, Vidarbha, and Khandesh. Each has its own cultural identity in the form of different dialects of Marathi language, Ethnicity, folk songs, and food.
Aurangabad has many ancient and medieval sites, which also includes the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Ajanta and Ellora caves, Elephanta caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus (formerly victoria terminus). Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) established by the state government for systematic development and promotion of tourism in the State.
Mumbai, one of the biggest and the most cosmopolitan cities in the country, attracts tourists from all over the world for its many attractions, including beaches, colonial architecture, movie industry, shopping, and an active nightlife. Pune, which is also called the cultural capital of Maharashtra, attracts many visitors during the annual Ganeshotsav festival. Many public organizations in Maharastra have begun unique and innovative forms of nature tourism.
4. Uttar Pradesh – 240,928 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Yogi Adityanath (BJP)|
|GDP||₹15.42 lakh crore (US$220 billion)|
|State Official Website||up.gov.in|
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state and is roughly the same size as the united kingdom and the second-largest Indian state by the economy. The state has plenty of natural resources and diverse flora and fauna.
Uttar Pradesh’s culture is an Indian Culture that has its roots in the Hindi and Urdu literature, music, fine arts, drama, and cinema. A classical dance form, “Kathak,” owes its origin to the state of Uttar Pradesh. Varanasi is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the world. It is well-known for its ghats (bathing steps along the river). Mathura is world-famous for its festival of colors, Holi, which attracts many tourists from all over the world.
Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) is a public sector passenger road transport corporation based in Uttar Pradesh, India operating both intrastate and interstate bus service.
UPSRTC achieved an outstanding feat by setting a Guinness Book of World Records for the largest parade of buses in the world.
The state has two international airports
- Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow
- Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport in Varanasi
- Four domestic airports situated at Agra, Allahabad, Kanpur, and Gorakhpur.
The Lucknow Airport is the 2nd busiest airport in Northern India after the IGIA, New Delhi.
Among all states of India, UP ranks first in domestic tourist arrivals with more than 71 million. Because of its rich and varied topography, vibrant culture, festivals, monuments, ancient places of worship, and viharas.
Three UNESCO World Heritage Sites are in UP: the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, and Fatehpur Sikri.
Many gather at Allahabad to take part in the Magh Mela festival, also known as Kumbh Mela, on the banks of the Ganges. This festival is organized on a larger scale every 12th year, where over 10 million Hindu pilgrims assemble in one of the largest gatherings of people in the world.
5. Gujarat – 196,024 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Vijay Rupani (BJP)|
|GDP||₹13.14 lakh crore (US$180 billion)|
|State Official Website||gujaratindia.gov.in|
Gujarat has an area of 196,024 km² lies on the Kathiawar peninsula. The state is only home of great Asiatic Lions in the world, in and around Gir National Park.
Gujarati traditional folk dance forms include Dandiya Raas, Garba, Padhar, Tippani, Sidi and Dangi.
Gujarat has Four National Parks and 23 wildlife sanctuaries
- Gir National Park
- Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
- Vansda National Park
- Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
Vadodara Railway Station is the fourth busiest railway station in India. Other important railway stations are Ahmedabad Railway Station, Surat railway station, and Rajkot Railway Station.
Kandla Port is one of the largest seaports serving Western India. Other vital ports in Gujarat are the Port of Magdalla, Port of Navlakhi, Port Pipavav, Port of Porbandar, Bedi Port, Port of Veraval, and the privately owned Mundra Port. The state also has Ro-Ro ferry service.
There are two international airports:
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
- Surat Airport
Besides, Gujarat also has nine domestic airports, two private airports, and three military bases.
Statue of Unity is the world’s tallest statue at 182 meters (597 ft). It a massive statue of the first deputy prime minister and home minister of independent India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950). Vallabh Bhai Patel was highly respected for his leadership in uniting the 562 glorious states of India to form the single Union of India. Higher than the previous record-holder, the Spring Temple Buddha in China’s Henan province.
The ‘Khushboo Gujarat Ki’ campaign by celebrity Amitabh Bachchan, the current Brand Ambassador of Gujarat, has increased tourism in the state by 14 per cent per annum, twice that of national growth rate.
6. Karnataka – 191,791 km²
|Current Chief Minister||B. S. Yediyurappa (BJP)|
|GDP||₹15.35 lakh crore (US$220 billion)|
|State Official Website||www.karnataka.gov.in|
Karnataka state in the southwestern region of India is the sixth-largest Indian state by geographical area and has a rich flora and fauna.
Karnataka has 5 National parks. Well, known among them are
- Bandipur National Park
- Bannerghatta National Park
- Nagarhole National Park
- Dandeli & Anshi National Park
- Kudremukh National Park
The state also has 21 wildlife sanctuaries. Dry areas of the state have their unique wildlife.
World heritage centers
- Hampi, Bellary District: The site of the capital of Vijayanagara (1336) and formerly the seat of the Vijayanagar Empire
- Group of 8th-century CE monuments, Pattadakal: Located on the banks of the river Malaprabha, Pattadakal was the second capital of the Chalukyas and contained examples of 7th- and 8th-century temple architecture.
Apart from the state government public services, Buses run by private persons are allowed to operate in few districts of Karnataka. Interdistrict transit is run by private operators, connecting capital Bengaluru and main cities. Intradistrict transportation by private operators is currently allowed in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts. Omnibus and Maxi cabs are other modes of road transportation in the state, especially where KSRTC does not run buses or run very few.
Karnataka has one major port; the New Mangaluru Port and ten minor ports.
Karnataka has two international airports
- Kempegowda International Airport
- Mangalore International Airport
besides the international airports, the state has five domestic airports, five military airbases, and two private airports.
The southern districts and districts of the Western Ghats have popular eco-tourism locations. Eco-tourism is a popular activity in the state. Karnataka leads other states in eco-tourism.
The Golden Chariot is a high-end luxury tourist train of the state, operated by Indian Railways and Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation (KSTDC). At first, the train was introduced exclusively for Karnataka, however recently, it is expanded to whole south India.
7. Andhra Pradesh – 162,968 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy (YSRCP)|
|GDP||₹10.81 lakh crore (US$150 billion)|
|State Official Website||www.aponline.gov.in//|
Andhra Pradesh is located along the Bay of Bengal and is the second-longest coastline after Gujarat. The state is mainly composed of two regions: Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.
Andhra Pradesh is known for its rich culture and heritage. The state dance Kuchipudi had entered the Guinness World Records for performing Mahabrinda Natyam with a total of 6,117 dancers in Vijayawada. This dance form was originated in the village of Kuchipudi in Krishna district.
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park is one of the largest zoos of India, located in Visakhapatnam. It was named after Indira Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India. There are eighty species with 800 animals. Hippopotamus and crocodiles are the special animals conserved.
The only place in south India where one gets to experience snow is in Lambasingi in Visakhapatnam district, as it is 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above the sea level. It’s temperature ranges from 0 °C to 10 °C and is nicknamed as the “Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh.”
Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC), owned by the state government, is the significant public bus transport, connecting different parts of the state. Pandit Nehru Bus Station(PNBS), located in Vijayawada, is one of the largest bus terminals in Asia.
There are twenty-three A and three A1-category railway stations in Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatnam railway station has been declared as the cleanest railway station in India. Shimiliguda railway station was the first highest broad gauge railway station in the country.
Andhra Pradesh has three International Airports:
- Visakhapatnam Airport
- Vijayawada Airport
- Tirupati Airport
Besides the international airports, the state has three domestic airports and a private airport in Puttaparthi.
Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh and is also declared as a classical language by the minister of tourism and culture.
8. Odisha – 155,707 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Naveen Patnaik (BJD)|
|GDP||₹4.16 lakh crore (US$58 billion)|
|State Official Website||www.odisha.gov.in|
Odisha has abundant natural resources and extensive coastline. It is also the most preferred destination in India for overseas investors. Odisha has the third-largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India.
The largest among the temples of the “Holy Golden Triangle,” the Konark sun temple, exists today, and it is still astonishing in size. It stands out as a masterpiece in the state’s architecture.
Odisha has a culinary tradition stretching over centuries. The kitchens of the Shri Jagannath Temple, Puri is regarded to be the largest in the world, feeding over 10,000 people each day, with 1,000 chefs, working over 752 wood-burning clay fireplaces called chulas.
The syrupy sweet Pahala rasagola made in Odisha is well-known throughout the world.
After a long battle over the origin of the famous sweet with west Bengal, the “Odisha’s Rasagola” was awarded a GI tag in 2019.
Odisha has 2 National parks and 19 wildlife sanctuaries.
The state has two National Parks
- Bhitarkanika National Park
- Simlipal National Park
Odisha has a network of railways, roads, airports, and seaports. The capital of the state, Bhubaneswar, is well connected by air, road, and rail with the rest of the country.
Major cities of Odisha are very well connected to all of the major cities of India by direct daily trains and weekly trains.
Odisha has two operational airports, 17 airstrips, and 16 helipads.
The state has one international Airport
- Biju Patnaik International Airport
The state is struggling to attract tourists when compared to the other states in the country, but surely picking up the pace.
9. Chhattisgarh – 135,191 km²
|Official language||Hindi, Chhattisgarhi|
|Current Chief Minister||Bhupesh Baghel (INC)|
|GDP||₹3.63 lakh crore (US$51 billion)|
|State Official Website||cgstate.gov.in|
Chhattisgarh is situated in the heart of India, is graced with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural diversity. The state is full of rare wildlife, ancient monuments, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, caves, waterfalls, rock paintings, and hill plateaus.
India’s first man-made jungle safari is also situated in Raipur.
Chhattisgarh is also known as the rice bowl of India and has a vibrant tradition of food culture.
The state has three National Parks:
- Indravati (Kutru) National Park
- Kanger Valley National Park
- Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
Besides the National Parks, Chhattisgarh also has eleven Wildlife sanctuaries.
The state has coverage of mostly two-lane or one-lane roads that provides connectivity to major cities in the country.
The main railway junctions are Durg Junction, Bilaspur Junction, and Raipur, which is also a starting point of many long-distance trains. These three junctions connect to all the major cities in India.
The air infrastructure in Chhattisgarh is small compared to other states. Swami Vivekananda Airport in Raipur is its sole airport with scheduled commercial air services.
10. Tamil Nadu – 130,058 km²
|Current Chief Minister||Edappadi K. Palaniswami (AIADMK)|
|GDP||₹16.64 lakh crore (US$230 billion)|
|State Official Website||www.tn.gov.in|
Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest state in India by geographical area and one of the top seven developed states in India. The state is home to many natural resources and multi-religious pilgrimage sites.
Tamil Nadu is mostly known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata Natyam. Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam (dance), Tanjore painting, and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practiced in Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu has five National Parks, three Biosphere reserves, many wildlife sanctuaries, five Elephant reserves, Tiger reserves, and five crocodile farms.
The state’s five National Parks:
- Anamalai Tiger Reserve (formerly Aanamalai National Park, Indira Gandhi National Park)
- Mudumalai National Park
- Mukurthi National Park
- Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
- Guindy National Park
The state’s three biosphere reserves:
- Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
- Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
- Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve
Tamil Nadu has an excellent rail network as part of the Southern Railway. Headquartered at Chennai, the Southern Railway network extends over a large area of India’s Southern Peninsula.
Tamil Nadu has three significant seaports located at Chennai, Ennore, and Thoothukudi, as well as seven other minor ports, including Cuddalore and Nagapattinam.
Tamil Nadu has four international airports, namely
- Chennai International Airport
- Coimbatore International Airport
- Madurai International Airport
- Tiruchirapalli International Airport
Chennai airport is a major international airport and aviation hub in South Asia. Apart from international airports, there are two domestic airports: Salem Airport and Thoothukudi Airport.
In addition to civilian airports, the state has four airbases of the Indian Air Force, namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS, and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy.